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India

The Potato Sector
The potato reached India in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, most likely aboard ships from Portugal. Today, India ranks as the world's third largest potato producing nation, with production in 2007 of around 26 million tonnes.

Between 1960 and 2000, potato production increased by almost 850 percent, partly in response to growing demand from higher-income urban populations. Since 1990, per capita consumption has risen from around 12 kg to 17 kg a year.

In India, the aloo is not primarily a rural staple but a cash crop that provides significant income for farmers: the value of the 2005 harvest is estimated at $3.6 billion and exports totaled about 80 000 tonnes that year.

(Click to enlarge)

Regional distribution of potato cultivation in India (CIP, World Potato Atlas)

Potato varieties suited to the country's climate - hot summers and short winters - are grown on the Indo-Gangetic plain during the short winter days from October to March, while some year-round production takes place in relatively high altitude areas in the south.

We have included the top potato growing states in India in this PotatoPro overview separately as well.

Indian Production of Potato
Production(000 Tonnes)
2012-13( Third Advance Estimate )
Sr No.StateProductionShare(%)
1Uttar Pradesh13,869.9431.01
2West Bengal11,550.0025.82
3Bihar6,842.9215.30
4Gujarat2,499.735.59
5Punjab2,129.794.76
6Madhya Pradesh1,998.354.47
7Assam975.272.18
8Karnataka698.301.56
9Haryana676.011.51
10Jharkhand659.611.47

Consumption Statistics

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Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2013: 24.40 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2012: 24.14 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2011: 23.27 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2010: 21.63 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2009: 21.43 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2008: 21.81 kg/capita/year Calculated data
Potatoes (Fresh and Processed), Consumption (Crop Equivalent) in 2007: 17.92 kg/capita/year Calculated data

Agricultural Statistics

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Potato Production in 2013: 45,343,600.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Seed in 2013: 3,238,400.00 tonnes Calculated data
Potato Area Harvested in 2013: 1,992,200.00 Ha Official data
Potato Yield in 2013: 227,606.00 Hg/Ha Calculated data
Potato Processed in 2013: -1.00 tonnes Standardized data
Potato Production in 2012: 41,483,000.00 tonnes Official data
Potato Seed in 2012: 3,187,520.00 tonnes Calculated data